How V2G is Transforming the EV Industry

Sep 12, 2023

V2G Bi Directional

How Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) is Transforming the EV Industry   

Andrew Almendares
Director - Controls

The world is witnessing an energy revolution driven largely by EVs. This revolution is further aided by Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) technology, which enables EVs to become active participants in the energy grid, not only as consumers but also as mobile energy sources.  

The Evolution of V2G Technology

V2G technology allows electric vehicles to work bi-directionally with the power grid. Unlike traditional EV charging, where electricity flows from the grid to the vehicle’s battery, V2G enables reverse power flow, whereby the vehicle’s battery discharges power back to the grid. This two-way interaction empowers EVs to act as mobile energy storage assets, offering immense flexibility and potential for optimizing energy usage. V2G technology has come a long way since its inception. The origins of V2G can be traced back to the early 2000s when researchers began exploring the idea of using EV batteries for grid support. Early V2G trials and proof of concept projects were conducted to demonstrate the feasibility of the technology. Today, V2G technology is supported by industry standards such as ISO15118-20, transforming the EV industry by enabling bidirectional power transfer.  

How V2G Works - Transforming EVs into Mobile Energy Storage Units

V2G technology offers solutions to the challenges of renewable energy integration. When renewable energy production exceeds immediate demand, V2G-enabled EVs can store the surplus energy in their batteries when the charge is allowed. Conversely, during high energy demand and low renewable energy generation periods, these EVs can supply energy back to the grid. This dynamic exchange ensures that renewable energy is not wasted during peak production times and is readily available when needed. By acting as mobile energy storage units, EVs equipped with V2G technology can contribute to energy grid demands, reducing the need for expensive energy infrastructure upgrades. 


The core principle behind V2G lies in its ability to establish a bi-directional energy flow between EVs and the grid. EVs equipped with V2G technology can communicate with the grid and respond to energy production, consumption, and pricing signals. When grid demand is low, EVs can charge their batteries, drawing power from the grid. On the other hand, during peak demand or when renewable energy generation is high, EVs can discharge stored energy back into the grid, providing much-needed support. 

Vehicle to Grid

Benefits of V2G for EV Owners

EV batteries are the most cost-efficient form of energy storage, providing a unique opportunity to leverage these batteries for grid-balancing purposes. V2G technology unlocks the true potential of EVs, allowing them to contribute to the energy grid actively.


V2G enables EVs to be an asset to the owner. One of the primary advantages is the potential for financial incentives and revenue generation opportunities. By participating in V2G programs, EV owners can earn income by selling surplus energy back to the grid during peak demand periods or when electricity prices are high. This creates a win-win situation for EV owners and the grid, optimising energy usage and reducing the strain on traditional power generation sources.  


Moreover, V2G technology enables optimal charging and energy cost savings for EV owners. By leveraging real-time grid data and electricity pricing, V2G-capable EVs can charge during off-peak hours when electricity is cheaper and discharge during peak hours when prices are higher. This lowers the overall cost of charging for EV owners and contributes to a more stable and supported energy grid. 

Advantages for the Energy Grid and Utilities

V2G technology not only benefits EV owners but also holds great promise for the energy grid and utilities.   


One of the key advantages of V2G for the energy grid is the enhanced grid stability and resilience it provides. During periods of grid stress or power outages, EVs can provide backup power.


Furthermore, V2G technology enables utilities to meet peak energy demand more efficiently. By tapping into the energy stored in V2G-capable EVs, utilities can mitigate the need for additional power generation during peak hours, thereby reducing operational costs and the carbon footprint of power generation.  

Environmental and Societal Impact

Through V2G technology, EVs are not merely consumers of electricity; they transform into energy suppliers. When connected to the grid, V2G-enabled EVs can discharge energy back to the grid during peak demand, helping to stabilize the grid and alleviate stress during high-consumption periods. This bidirectional flow of energy empowers EVs to support the grid during emergencies or power outages. From an environmental perspective, V2G technology plays a vital role in reducing carbon footprints and emissions. Consequently, V2G contributes to meeting renewable energy goals and achieving climate targets, supporting a sustainable and greener future. 


Moreover, V2G technology has positive societal impacts. As EV adoption increases, V2G can help reduce the likelihood of power outages during extreme weather events or high-demand periods. 

Bi Directional Charging

The Future of V2G

The development of V2G-compatible units, such as the ampEMU 800 (Gen 2), is setting the stage for the future of V2G technology and holds great promise. Embracing V2G technology is a crucial step towards creating a more balanced, cleaner, and resilient energy landscape, ensuring a brighter future for generations to come. 


The ongoing development of industry standards such as ISO15118-20 plays a significant role in shaping the future of V2G. Standardization ensures interoperability and compatibility among different V2G systems, facilitating widespread adoption and seamless integration into existing energy infrastructure. As technology advances and V2G-enabled EVs become more prevalent, we can expect greater grid stability and increased utilization of renewable energy.


Overall, V2G technology marks a significant moment in the energy revolution, redefining the role of EVs in the quest for a greener future. By enabling EVs to act as mobile energy storage units and sources offering a dynamic energy exchange with the grid, V2G transforms EVs. 


With its perfect blend of software and hardware, AMP is revolutionizing electrification. Headquartered in Los Angeles, with offices in Detroit, Bengaluru, and Shanghai, AMP is a global leader in energy management solutions for e-mobility. Since 2017, AMP has advanced battery management technology, through industry-leading software and hardware. AMP continues to push mobility further from intelligent battery management platforms to robust fast-charging systems and complete cloud solutions for e-mobility.

To learn more, visit AMP at and follow on LinkedIn@amp-energy-management.